My friend said she was going to have an abortion, and that it would be a MTX. Could you let me know more information on what exactly that is? Thanks in advance, Shelli.
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An MTX abortion is one involving Methotrexate & Misoprostol. It’s a two step medical abortion procedure performed up through the first 7 weeks of a person’s pregnancy. This same procedure is also used as a treatment for ectopic pregnancy which occurs when a fertilized egg attaches in a place other than the uterus such as in a fallopian tube.
The MTX abortion procedure takes place in the following steps:
- First, methotrexate is taken either orally in tablet form or injected
- The methotrexate then interferes with placenta growth and this causes the placenta to separate from the mucous membrane that lines the inside of the uterus
- Around 5 to 7 days after the methotrexate is taken, misoprostol is then taken either orally or inserted vaginally
- Misoprostol then causes contractions which cause your body to expel the contents of the uterus
- If the MTX abortion procedure is not successful, a surgical abortion will be required to complete the process.
An abortion involving Methotrexate & Misoprostol usually involves 3 visits to an abortion provider over the period of several weeks. During the first & second visits, the medications are given. The third visit is a follow up appointment typically scheduled no more than 20 days after the second visit to make sure the procedure was successful. If an MTX abortion procedure is not successful, then a surgical abortion is required to complete the process because a fetus will most likely not develop normally after being exposed to these two powerful drugs.
Women who are early in their pregnancy may choose a Methotrexate & Misoprostol abortion as an early pregnancy abortion method not involving the use of surgery. An MTX abortion is most effective when performed within the first 7 weeks of pregnancy.
MTX abortion procedures are affective over 90% of the time. Injected Methotrexate & vaginally applied Misoprostol have been found to be most effective in contrast with the same medications taken orally. Over 60% of pregnant women will find their pregnancies terminated within the first 24 hours of taking Misoprostol–though a second dose of the drug may be necessary. In other cases, an MTX abortion procedure may take up to 21 days to prove effective-a time span greater than other abortion procedures.
A woman experiencing an abortion involving Methotrexate & Misoprostol is likely to experience syptoms similar to a miscarriage. These syptoms may include diarrhea, nausea, cramping & vaginal bleeding as clots & tissue from the aborted fetus pass from the uterus. Additional side effects of an MTX abortion include those not seen: emotional, psychological & more.
I hope this clarifies things up for you, Shelli.
Have a great day,